Composition consist of every element in a photo and includes the way everything in the photo is placed.
Balancing Elements– to have the same amount of objects on both ends of the photo to create a balanced appearance.
Rule of Thirds– the image should align with the grid lines on the photo. The image is broken into 9 squares and the more lines it corresponds with the more pleasing to the eye the photo will be.
Rule of Odds– when the photograph has an odd number of objects in the photo to make it look less structured and more natural.
Leaving Space– when there is a great amount of space is left in front of the subject of the image to leave the focus on them. It creates a more simplistic look in the photo.
Fill the Frame– when there is no empty space in the photo and the object of focus is close up to fill up the entire frame.
Framing Subject– to create a frame within the photo around the object of focus.
Simplicity– to leave as much out of the photo as possible to have the eyes relax on one object.
Viewpoint– when the photo is taken from a different angle to display the various viewpoints the photo can be taken at.
Leading Lines– a row of lines is in the photo and it causes the eyes to follow the lines usually leading to an object.
Contrast– this can be a contrast in colors such as having a light object placed against a dark background or vice versa.