1. Rule of thirds: This is when you place an important object or subject is placed in one of the two lines (vertical
and horizontal) that divides the picture into 9 equal boxes or at the points of intersection of the lines.
2. Breaking the Rule of Thirds: This is when you place the object in the dead center of the picture and have a big open space in the other sides of the subject.
3. Balancing Elements: This is when you place your subject or object off center and have another object to balance off that main subject. (Could be something small and then something bigger or something that is far off but caught in the picture and then something closer to the camera).
4. Symmetry and Patters: This is when you take a picture and fold it in half and if you look at it it’ll be the same in both sides. Patters are when there is a reoccurring thing throughout the picture.
5. Viewpoint: This is when you decide how you want to take the picture and how the camera is placed whether it is in eye point view, ground point of view, low angle, high angle and bird eye point of view.
6. Filling the Frame: This is where you use your subject and zoom in as much as possible to show you subject’s face or something that’s important but it takes up the whole frame of the picture.
7. Framing: This is when you use nature or objects to frame the major object or subject you are trying to make the viewer of the picture see. This directs the viewer to the main point of the picture.
8. Simplicity: This is when you only show one thing and blur out the background to show simplicity. Know your focus and show it by picturing it.
9. Contrast: This is when there is a light and dark color in a picture. This could be like black and white or black and another bright color.
10. Diagonals: This is when you take a picture objects that tend to have lines that you can make the picture look like a diagonal line. Examples can be like table, huge buildings, and/or railings.